The Secrecy of the Vote


Director of Elections Orrette Fisher wrote a letter to the editor to clarify recent public discussion around whether a politican can say if an elector voted, or how an elector voted in an election. The letter was published in the Jamaica Observer of January 30, 2014. Here is the letter in full:

The Secrecy of the Vote

Dear Editor,

Recently, there has been discussion in the public sphere about whether political candidates know which electors voted in an election and for whom.

The Electoral Office of Jamaica wishes to use this opportunity to clear up the matter.

Sections 41 and 41a of the Representation of the People Act give the right to each candidate to appoint an indoor agent and an outdoor agent, respectively, to watch the proceedings at each polling station on his or her behalf. The agents are able to gather information as to the electors who actually turn up at the polling station which, in turn, can be conveyed to the candidate.

The answer, therefore, as to whether political candidates have any way of knowing who voted in an election is yes. The candidates can say which electors turned up at the polling station based on the information supplied to them by the agents.

This information is not supplied by the Electoral Office of Jamaica.

Now, to address the matter of whether political representatives can say how electors voted in an election, the answer is no. Let me remind the public that electors are required to cast their votes privately behind a screen.

On presentation of the marked ballot, the presiding officer then removes the counterfoil (a flap bearing the serial number of the ballot) and deposits the ballot in the ballot box. The ballot itself does not bear a serial number or any other distinguishing marks, so once the counterfoil is removed, it is impossible to connect any voter to any ballot. Not even the Electoral Office is able to do so.

An elector who votes openly or openly displays the ballot paper after voting will have it spoilt by the presiding officer and then warned not to do so. The elector is then given a second ballot and if the offence is repeated, the ballot is again spoilt and the elector loses the right to vote in that election.

Therefore, unless an elector chooses to disclose how he voted after leaving the polling station, no one can say how that person voted.

I trust this adequately clears up any misunderstanding regarding the process.

Orrette Fisher

Director of Elections

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